St Lucia was first inhabited by the Arawak Indians, who came to the island from South America approximately two thousand years ago. They were a peace loving tribe that lived mainly by fishing and farming, but after many disputes with the more aggressive Carib Indians, who arrived from South America in approximately 800 AD they all but disappeared. The Caribs enjoyed an uninterrupted life until the first Europeans landed on the island. Those early settlers named the island Iyanola.The Saint Lucian Iguana, is a unique species of historical importance, which scientists consider doomed for extinction. The iguana "Iyanola" after which our country was named and which folklore indicates used to roam all parts of the island is now restricted to two secluded beaches on the north. eastern coast.
St. Lucian's are vitally aware of the importance of protecting our environment, in particular the important role that our wildlife plays in maintaining a balanced eco-system and thus a healthier natural environment. Saint Lucia recognises the North East Coast as the last stronghold on Saint Lucia, not only for the iguana but also for many other rare and endemic animal and plant species. Iyanola and its namesake, the Saint Lucia iguana, can symbolise the opportunity to conserve this biodiversity, but also the important cultural and historical heritage represented by this ancient name. Iyanola can demonstrate to the world that this area is developed in way sensitive to and earning livelihoods from its great biological, cultural and historical value, as well as to the aspirations of Saint Lucian's .